The process of invention/creation through the method of 'post-scarcity' implies in using full mental devotion, seeking to resolve the issues, concerning the stages of creation, taking into consideration that "we can find in nature any and all recourse in order to resolve any and all issue".


The 'post-scarcity' is the method in which the profound observation of nature, combined with the most perfect use of the creative mind, allows to test all possibilities to the exhaustion, in order to obtain the invention of something in its best form.


As the name says, the method of 'post-scarcity' also implies in measuring well the use these resources to avoid waste and misuse.


What is known today as philosophy of Post Scarcity was created by Brazilian inventor Santos=Dumont


sábado, 14 de junho de 2014

The eccentricity of the Black Swans - indispensable tool for Post-Scarcity

Tiffany and Pagano have a strange encounter with a Triceratops - Unexpected events tend to have serious outcomes - to deal with the 'Black Swans' is fundamental to reach a Post-Scarcity scenario 
One of the great problems of Post-Scarcity is how we should deal with the unknown factors.

When we look at the case of Romildo and their varying degrees of integration with the Post-Scarcity, we realize that if he were exposed to a fatal unknown factor, the whole story would be over. He could have been eaten by an ‘onça’ (kind of Brazilian spotted jaguar) in the first few seconds, and would not have the chance to be exposed to the various stages of Post-Scarcity. That being said, what would be the best way to be prepared for the unknown?

leia este artigo em Português

Nassim Nicholas Taleb may have the answer in his book ‘The Black Swan’. The expression derives from the Old World presumption that all swans must be white once there is no historical records of black swans reported after Dutch explorer Willem de Vlamingh discovered them in Western Australia in the year 1697.

The black swan theory or theory of black swan events is a metaphor that describes an event that comes as a surprise, has a major effect, and is often inappropriately rationalized after the fact with the benefit of hindsight.

The theory was developed by Nassim Nicholas Taleb to explain:

The disproportionate role of high profile, hard-to-predict, and rare events that are beyond the realm of normal expectations in history, science, finance, and technology.

The non-computability of the probability of the consequential rare events using scientific methods (owing to the very nature of small probabilities).

The psychological biases that make people individually and collectively blind to uncertainty and unaware of the massive role of the rare event in historical affairs.

The first step to deal whith the Black Swan is knowing how to identify it.

The event is a surprise (to the observer).

The event has a major effect.


The predictability of an event does not necessarily lead to a favorable outcome

After the first recorded instance of the event, it is rationalized by hindsight, as if it could have been expected; that is, the relevant data were available but unaccounted for in risk mitigation programs. The same is true for the personal perception by individuals.

The main idea in Taleb's book is not to attempt to predict black swan events, but to build robustness against negative ones that occur and be able to exploit positive ones. Taleb contends that banks and trading firms are very vulnerable to hazardous black swan events and are exposed to unpredictable losses. On the subject of business in particular, Taleb is highly critical of the widespread use of the Normal Distribution model as the basis for calculating risk.

In probability theory, the Normal (or Gaussian) Distribution is a very commonly occurring continuous probability distribution a function that tells the probability that any real observation will fall between any two real limits or real numbers, as the curve approaches zero on either side. Normal distributions are extremely important in statistics and are often used in the natural and social sciences for real-valued random variables whose distributions are not known.

One problem, labeled by Taleb is the ludic fallacy, the belief that the unstructured randomness found in life resembles the structured randomness found in games. This stems from the assumption that the unexpected may be predicted by extrapolating from variations in statistics based on past observations, especially when these statistics are presumed to represent samples from a normal distribution. These concerns often are highly relevant in financial markets, where major players sometimes assume normal distributions when using value at risk models, although market returns typically have fat tail distributions.

How should we deal with Black Swans

The answer to a Black Swan is invariably: "Oh yes, it was not possible to anticipate this one!".

As all passed civilizations, we only master partially our life. it is not possible to predict a black swan, but there will always be unforeseen events.

And, we are not aware that major unforeseen events have a larger impact on our life than the daily, foreseeable, minor trends!

The strangeness of the black swans and the way we deal with them, make us stronger and more creative. Creativity, associated to the full knowledge, it is the best tool we have to thrive in a post-scarcity scenario.

In popular usage, eccentricity (also called quirkiness) refers to unusual or odd behavior on the part of an individual. To distracted eyes, this behavior would typically be perceived as unusual or unnecessary, but be sure that when people see you recycling water, or using waves movements to generate energy to your house, you will be deemed as an eccentric guy.

terça-feira, 30 de abril de 2013

Entenda o que é a Pós-Escassez


O (ficticio) Romildo encostado na sororoca

Romildo, um engenheiro a serviço de uma companhia petrolífera navegava em um barco que naufragou enquanto investigava o vazamento de contaminantes no rio Solimões, no meio da floresta Amazônica.
Romildo não bebeu água com medo que a água estivesse envenenada, depois de três dias, quando a equipe de resgate chegou percebeu-se que Romildo estava quase morto, apoiado em uma phenakospermum guianensis, vulgarmente conhecida como ‘Sororoca’.

Romildo não fazia a menor idéia que a planta que serviu de abrigo durante todo o tempo que passou sede na quente floresta amazônica era uma perfeita fonte de água limpa. As folhas sustentadas por longos e fortes pecíolos, dispostos em leque da sororoca acumulam e purificam a água, formando um perfeito filtro e reservatório naturais.

O caso de Romildo nos faz entender quais são os mecanismos da ‘Pós-escassez’:

- 1o  estagio da ‘pós-escassez’, o básico - Se Romildo tivesse o conhecimento de um mateiro experiente, ele poderia ter sido beneficiado de água, plantas e insetos que estavam ao seu redor e poderia ter saído da situação perfeitamente hidratado e nutrido;

- 2o  estagio da ‘pós-escassez’, o estado da arte -  Se Romildo tivesse o conhecimento acumulado de um ‘mateiro’ somado ao de um ‘chef de cozinha’ e o de um ‘medico’, ele não só teria comido pratos deliciosos, tais como uma sopa de larvas torradas com tucupi e jambu, como também teria reduzido seu habitualmente alto índice de colesterol;

- 3 ª etapa da "pós-escassez", plenitude de uso - Se Romildo tivesse uma base relativamente perfeita de conhecimento (condição conceitual de plenitude no cenário de pós-escassez), ele teria passado por momentos de deleite e de raro prazer no meio da selva, bem como poderia ter saído de lá milionário. Talvez porque tenha se dedicado a uma rica jazida de ouro, ou por ter estudado o uso de um punhado de plantas nativas combinadas para fazer um composto tônico com o propósito de aumentar a expectativa média de vida da humanidade em 220 anos;

Atualmente, nossa civilização vive num estagio de escassez, (momento anterior ao 1o estagio citado no exemplo acima) onde um grupo de pessoas relativamente pequeno tira proveito de forma inadequada dos recursos que o cercam e a grande maioria se sente prejudicada:

- Um brilhante músico que optou pela vida do crime, pois precisava urgentemente de dinheiro para alimentar sua família, acabou morrendo num confronto policial. Ele não teve condições de aproveitar seu talento potencial por falta do conhecimento e de atitudes apropriadas;

- Uma vitima de câncer morre porque não teve acesso a um remédio feito com as toxinas de um tipo de aranha que habita o jardim da própria casa onde mora;

- Um funcionário dos correios deixa de lançar no mercado um revolucionário software capaz de compartilhar informações sobre as mais novas conquistas da ciência porque sua baixa auto-estima não o permitiu que largasse seu emprego seguro para se dedicar ao projeto;

Estes são exemplos dramáticos de como a era da escassez é prejudicial ao planeta e deve ser imediatamente combatida.

Numa situação de pós-escassez a clássica definição de Economia mudaria de – alocação dos escassos recursos às necessidades ilimitadas – para – uso consciente dos ilimitados recursos para todas as necessidades.

Understanding Post-scarcity


Thirsty Romildo (fictional character) by the 'sororoca'

Romildo, an engineer at the service of an oil company was sailing in a boat that sank while investigating the leak of contaminants in the Solimões River, in the middle of the Amazon rainforest.
Romildo did not drink water afraid that the water was poisoned, and after three days, when the rescuers arrived realized that Romildo was almost dead, leaning on a phenakospermum guianensis, commonly known by locals as 'Sororoca'.

Romildo had no idea that the plant that served as a shelter during the whole time he was thirstily living in a hot rainforest was a perfect source of clean water. The leaves of the sororoca, supported by long and strong petioles, arranged in the form of an array of fans accumulate and purify water, forming a perfect natural filter and reservoir.

The surviving history of Romildo makes us understand what are the mechanisms of 'post-scarcity':

- 1st stage of 'post-scarcity', the basics - If Romildo had the knowledge of an experienced woodsman, he could have been benefited from water, plants and insects that were around him, and could have come out the situation perfectly hydrated and nourished;

- 2nd stage of 'post-scarcity', state of the art - If Romildo had the accumulated knowledge of a 'bushman' added to a 'chef' and a 'physician', he not only would have eaten delicious dishes such as a soup of toast larvae, tucupi and jambu, but also would have reduced his usual high level of blood cholesterol.

- 3rd stage of 'post-scarcity', plenitude of use - If Romildo had a relatively perfect base of knowledge (conceptual condition of plenitude in post-scarcity scenario) he would have had as much delight and moments of rare pleasure in the middle of jungle, and also could have got out of there millionaire. May be because he dedicated himself to a rich gold deposit, or have studied the use of a handful of native plants combined to make a tonic compound with the purpose of increasing the average life expectancy of mankind in 220 years.

Currently, our civilization is experiencing a stage of shortage (just prior to the first stage in the example cited above) where a relatively small group of people takes improperly advantage of resources around, and the vast majority feels impaired:

- A brilliant musician who opted for a life of crimes because he needed urgent money to feed his family, dies in a police confrontation. He was unable to use his potential talent because of the misuse of knowledge and proper attitudes;

- A victim of cancer dies because he had no access to a remedy made out of the toxins of a particular type of spider that lives in the garden of his own house;

- A postal clerk fails to bring to market a revolutionary software, able to share information on the newest achievements of science because their low self-esteem did not allowed him to quit his secure job to devote to the project;

Here are dramatic examples of how the era of scarce is harmful to the planet and should be tackled immediately.

In a post-scarcity the classic definition of economics would change from - allocation of scarce resources to unlimited needs - to - conscious use of unlimited resources for all needs.

sexta-feira, 12 de outubro de 2012

The Future of our civilization in 3 steps


The begin of year 1963 was a very important year for civilization as we know, Russian astronomer Nikolai Semenovich Kardashev (Никола́й Семёнович Кардашёв – born on April 25, 1932 in Moscow) was examining quasar CTA-102 in the first Soviet quest in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence and started to philosophate about extraterrestrial life and all achievements of mankind.


The result was released 22 years later in his work "On the Inevitability and the Possible Structures of Supercivilizations" in "The search for extraterrestrial life”

The basic ingredient for a decent standard life and to improve a society to prosperous levels is ENERGY. At the present moment we humans are getting most of the energy we need from dead plants and animals on the planet turned into coal, oil, etc.

Karadshev has developed a scale that has three designated categories called Type I, II, and III. These are based on the amount of usable energy that a civilization have at their own disposal, and the degree of space colonization. In general terms, a Type I civilization have achieved mastery of the resources of our home planet as seen in Buck Rogers in the 25th Century, a “planetary civilization”, system. Star Trek with the United Federation of Planets and Starfleet colonization of few Star Systems correspond to Type II, a time when our civilization have achieved mastery of the resources of our own solar systemAnd Type III like the “Empire” in Star Wars, when we have achieved mastery of the resources of our own galaxy.

We are now in type 0 (ZERO) civilization because at the present moment, we are not able to achieve mastery of the resources on Earth. Far from it, we had almost destroyed ourselves many times during cold war, the best known of these episodes was in 1962 when military intervention by the United States in Cuba, that almost triggered a nuclear war perfectably capable of human race annihilation. That was the so called “Bay of Pigs episode”.

Japanese-American theoretical physicist Michiuo Kaku (加來 道雄 - January 24, 1947) says that the transition form type 0 to type 1 civilization could be the most dangerous period that a civilization can face. Mathematicians says that could exist thousands of Type 1 Civilization in the galaxy, and if is so, why we have not seen them yet?

Kaku says that in one hand we have cultural tolerance, good scientific growth, integration, but in other hand we have nuclear weapons, terrorism that works as obstacles to reaching Type I Civilization status. Perhaps no other civilization could make it to transform itself from a Type 0 into a Type I.

The current status of human civilization has thus been named Type 0. Although intermediate values were not discussed in Kardashev's original proposal, American astronomer Carl Sagan (November 9, 1934 – December 20, 1996) calculated in 1973 grades between 0 and 1 in HUMANITY’S CIVILIZATION TYPE – HCT he stipulated that at that point Earth was to be 0.7, in relationship to Kardashev's model for Types 0 and I

Sagan used the formula:


Kaku posted that in 1900 our HCT was 0,58, in 2004 was 0,72 and that if we make use of large scale application of fusion power, Anti-matter production to be used in antimatter-matter collisions power plants, Solar energy, converting sunlight into electricity by either solar cells, etc. in the year 2100 we could get out of zero and reach HCT I.
Earth in 2012 is a Type  0,72 civilization

The Great leap into a Type I civilization also encompasses economical and political changes, maybe in year 2110 could be read in headlines of the newspapers “Today was signed the first planetary trading block, we could buy antimatter from VULCANO with paying taxes” or “Despite all Chinese efforts English was approved as the new interplanetary official language”.

Even if in our Type I economy English would be the “planetary idiom” other languages will be spoken because people will have time and resources to stud and enjoy their own culture, cultural tolerance will tend grow with no limits because people learned from the process of reaching Type I that diversity was the great ingredient of evolution, poverty will be extinguished, because “now we can explore other planets and make use of abundant resources” , enterprises will not enter into a new business because of money; instead, they will pay more attention to improve employee’s personal skills, they will realize that this is the best way to prosper in a resourceful planetary system. Type I political system (adopted as one in the whole planet) is more equitable and maybe democracy will be replaced by “total democracy” (I have no idea how that would work).

Understanding our reality and the forces that could lead us into a Type I, II or III civilization, we could be the race (maybe the first) that will prosper beyond the limits of a planet, solar system or galaxy.

segunda-feira, 24 de setembro de 2012

Adventure Captalism - How could we make a poor family in Brazilian Northeast be part of a prosperous Post-Scarcity System





Some regions such as the Brazilian Northeast, has suffered from great evasion, but remains inhabited thanks to the strong and resilient local people. NIMPS and Blemya present here some tips that could help these people suffer a little less.

Leia este artigo em Português


It is noteworthy that the objective of this article is not an attempt to change cultural features and/or interfere with issues of ethnic identity, we simply extrapolate how would these isolated communities be better served by some clever ideas of productivity and low environmental impact.

Now, Check out some “almost impossible solutions” for the suffering inhabitants that live in the doughtiest northeastern region of Brazil.

The good news for this local humble farm in the middle of the drought is that a group of engineers of Blemya and NIMPS analyzed the scarce local resources and have implemented a number of gadgets to transform the lives of this couple with their two young children.

The family new income will be the production and sale of fuel oil from algae, grown in special solar greenhouses.

Some of the oil will fuel the 'Alageus' a car designed to run with this oil.

A solar hydraulic pump will draw water from deep artesian wells and will be purified, also with the use of solar energy.

Computers, televisions, refrigerators and all other electrical appliances in the house will be powered by the newest wind and solar power generators.

As we saw this humble rural family went from suffering poor to prosperous workers through the use of global intelligence coupled with a willingness to work.

Now learn more about these new technologies.

Providence Solar Water Pump

The water pump systems have solar panels (Photovoltaic cells) that move automatically to track the movement of the sun, for maximum efficiency. Water is drawn from the source through a “straw” by a pump that is powered by the solar panels.


Solaqua Uses Solar Power to Purify Water

Jason Lam, a student designer at University of New South Wales, shows a water purifier that uses the power of the sun to make water drinkable. It's intended for places with limited resources where water-borne diseases are prevalent, helping to save lives with the power of the sun.

Solaqua utilises ultra-violet and infra-red rays from the sun to eliminate pathogens within contaminated water. Raw water is first passed through a sari cloth filter to improve efficiency of solar water disinfection (SODIS). A five tap funnel fills five specially designed bottles to obtain ten litres of water. By spreading and laying the bottles on the ground, the transparent bottle surface allows maximum exposure to UV rays. The black, back surface of each bottle absorbs heat, while reflective inner surfaces reflect UV rays within the water itself.

The design uses plastics, which seems problematic for a device that will sit all day in some very hot sun. Lam states, though, that plastics were chosen to keep it lightweight so it can be carried to where water is available, and so that each part can be replaced and recycled as needed. That doesn't mean, though, that the parts will be long lasting, which would be a key element to a design going to rural areas.

Modeling Software Aims to Improve Small Wind Turbine Designs

A lot of research and focus is given to large horizontal wind turbines because they're able to generate so much energy individually and in large wind farms, but small wind turbines in more urban settings can still pack a punch if they're designed and positioned in a way that lets them generate the most energy. But what designs are better and where exactly on a roof is best? That's exactly what new modeling software from researchers at Murdoch University is being used to figure out.

“A knowledge of turbulence intensity helps predict the load on the machine, so it informs the required design strength of turbine components, including the tower and blades. We need accurate data to ensure turbines are strong enough for all conditions,” said PhD student Amir Tabrizi.

Tabrizi is working on developing a three-dimension computational fluid dynamics model built with OpenFOAM software that will incorporate various wind environments and factor in things like height, prevailing wind directions and the effects of different building shapes. So far, he's found that rooftop and forest sites both face far more turbulence than the current design standard for small wind turbines, which is based on open space installations, equips them for.

Solar Prototype Concentrates Sun's Energy with Glass Orb, Boosts PV Efficiency 35%

When talking about concentrated solar power, we usually mean focusing the sun's energy from a large area into a smaller area, which generates a lot of heat that can be used to produce electricity. But a prototype for a different method of concentrated solar power focuses the sunlight onto a photovoltaic panel, and is said to be able to boost efficiency by as much as 35%.

Barcelona designer and architect André Broessel's ß.torics (Beta Torics) spherical lens solar generator uses a large water-filled glass ball to concentrate the sun's energy (by up to 10,000 times!) onto a small PV panel. His design also integrates a fully rotational tracking system to optimize the solar energy gain throughout the day, and is said to be able to be mounted on or in walls for use with either PV panels or solar thermal applications.


© Raw Lemon

This is a beautiful device, but there's at least one big question that comes up when discussing the idea of integrating these units into buildings, which is the weight of these water-filled lenses, which could easily outweigh any other options for rooftop or wall-mounted solar energy devices. Other limiting factors in producing these might be the high cost (and the technology needed) for turning out optical grade glass balls of a significant size, such as the one in the prototype, and the high temperatures generated on the surface of the PV panels.

The ß.torics spherical glass solar energy generator design is currently awaiting patent approval. For more info, see Raw Lemon ß.torics.

Viable Oil Replacement Must Be Synthetic, Not From Nature, Venter Says

A recent announcement from celebrated scientist and entrepreneur Craig Venter suggests that the plan to create the world’s first mass-market biofuel has stalled in its tracks. In a landmark partnership between Venter and ExxonMobil, Venter and a research team planned to develop a commercially-viable biofuel from algae.

Since algae naturally generates oil in higher amounts than biofuel crops, it was believed algae could be the key to developing a sustainable biofuel.

World's first algae-powered plug-in electric hybrid vehicle.

Josh Tickellis the creator of the Veggie Van Organization and director of "Fuel," which was honored as best documentary at the 2008 Sundance Film Festival.

Tickell created the Algaeus mobile, As the name suggests, it's the world's first algae-powered plug-in electric hybrid vehicle. Essentially, the Algaeus is a tricked-out version of the already fuel-efficient Prius. Tickell added a nickel metal hydride battery and a plug to the hybrid car. Instead of gasoline, the car's engine runs on algae fuel.

The set-up is so effective that the Algaeus can run on approximately 25 gallons from coast to coast.

Developed by the green startup company Sapphire Energy, algae fuel is produced on a farm in the deserts of New Mexico.

Proponents of algae fuel claim that it has the potential to be a new source of 100 percent carbon neutral energy that won't require changing the country's current energy infrastructure..


Low Maintenance Desert House Design by Gracia Studio


Here is desert house with low maintenance based on the ones designed by Gracia Studio. This house featured with outdoor swimming pool and opened living room. The materials used in their construction are carefully chose to withstand hurricane and also need a minimum maintenance. Basically the house is one open floor plan for the common areas and the bedrooms are more enclosed to have privacy. Both houses have similar structure. It is composed of concrete matching the natural color of the local dirt. Some walls are covered with “talavera” in order to bring a traditional “Nordestina” architecture into its design. The floor plan is very easy and flexible because of the linear structure of each house. The simplicity of the floor plan matches the simplicity of the design of the exterior making the place perfect for enjoying the nature.

terça-feira, 18 de setembro de 2012

THE GLOBAL ECOVILLAGE NETWORK


Hildur Jackson, born in Denmark in 1942 is the person behind ‘The Global Ecovillage Network - GEN’, a global association of people and communities (ecovillages) dedicated to living "sustainable plus" lives by restoring the land and adding more to the environment than is taken.

She has spent most of her life in the suburbs of Copenhagen, with a Bachelor of Law degree from the University of Copenhagen and also did postgraduate studies there in cultural sociology, She and her husband Ross Jackson since 1967, has 3 sons and 5 grandchildren.

GEN members share ideas and information, transfer technologies and develop cultural and educational exchanges.

In 1991 Hildur and Ross Jackson from Denmark established the Gaia Trust, a charitable foundation, Gaia funded a study by Robert Gilman and Diane Gilman of sustainable communities around the world. The report, Ecovillages and Sustainable Communities, was released in 1991. The report found that although there were many interesting ecovillage projects, the full-scale ideal ecovillage did not yet exist. Collectively, however, the various projects described a vision of a different culture and lifestyle that could be further developed.

In 1991 the Gaia Trust convened a meeting in Denmark of representatives of eco-communities to discuss strategies for further developing the ecovillage concept. That led to the formation of the Global Ecovillage Network (GEN). In 1994 the Ecovillage Information Service was launched (see Global Ecovillage Network link below). In 1995, the first international conference of ecovillage members, entitled Ecovillages and Sustainable Communities for the 21st Century, was held at Findhorn, Scotland. The movement grew rapidly following this conference.

By 2001, GEN had obtained consultative status at the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). In October 2005, at the conference to celebrate the tenth anniversary of GEN, a group of young adults joined together to found NextGEN (the Next Generation of the Global Ecovillage Network). GEN does not have a verification procedure to select ecovillages or member subscriptions on their website. A Community Sustainability Assessment tool has been developed that provides a means to assess how successful a particular ecovillage is at improving its sustainability.

GEN surely is the necessary step for the creation of post scarcity cells all over our planet - exploring new ideas and putting them into practice, leading us to a life with more harmony and abundance.


DESIGN & CONCEPT - Simone Madella Ephraim Henrie Pavie Wolkswagen AQUA Car University Xihua-China 

terça-feira, 31 de julho de 2012

Blemya

Blemya - The friction-free monster of collectivity.
The core philosophy of Blemya blog lies in the beliefs that “Super Collective composed by the beautiful and strong different individuals will achieve better present and tomorrow”. The sympathetic character of the blemya monster is regarded to what we are now living; In the beginning, it can be very frightening, but if you can beat that little negative rejection to the monster of collectiveness, you will surely love her.


http://www.blemya.com/